Allergies occur in people who are more sensitive than “normal” people to innocent substances in their environment
The substances in the environment that cause the symptoms are allergens
Allergens are substances to which you are allergic. Many things in the environment can be allergens some indoors, some outdoors and some taken in as foods or medicines
Allergens differ from patient to patient. There is no “one size fits all” list of allergens! Your symptoms may be caused by your specific allergy triggers. To find out what triggers your symptoms, your doctor needs to find out where and when the symptoms are worst, and then do skin or blood tests to look for “the allergy antibody”, called IgE. (See what is an allergy)
Pet allergy occurs when someone who is prone to developing allergy has a hypersensitivity reaction to pet body allergens
Tiny microscopic protein particles are present in the scales of skin that fall off the animal’s body (dander). These can set off allergic symptoms when breathed into the nose and lungs or deposited in the eyes of allergy sufferers
Allergy is most commonly seen with cats and dogs. It can also develop with rats, mice, guinea pigs, rabbits, hamsters, and birds, as well as farm animals such as horses, cows, chickens, ducks and geese
The treatment of pet allergy is to treat the underlying disease, to stop further exposure to the pet and clean the house thoroughly.
The only certain way to have no symptoms from pet allergy is to remove the pet from the home. After the removal of the pet it may take many months for the allergen levels in the home to fall enough so as not to set off allergic reactions.
Removing a much loved pet from the home may cause major emotional upset, however refusal to remove a pet from the home of a child with severe asthma may also result in poor asthma control!
Remember that pet skin scales may be found even in homes without these animals as it may be carried on clothing.
Immunotherapy is available for cat, dog and horse allergy.
Cat allergy is the most common pet allergy. The most important allergen in cats is found in their saliva. It is deposited on the fur of the cat by licking and then shed into the air and spread in the air, on walls, bedding and clothing in the home. Cat allergen is tiny and stays floating in the air for a long time. This makes it easy for an asthmatic to breathe in and have an immediate allergic reaction. It also makes it more difficult to fully clean the home of someone with a cat, even after the cat has been removed.
Cat allergen can also cause symptoms by being brought into homes where no cats live because it is carried on the clothes of people who own cats. This means that cat allergy sufferers may have symptoms at school or at work, even where cats are not around.
Exposure to cats early on during an allergic babies life increases the likelihood of them having cat allergy. On the other hand, studies of removing pets from the home of babies at risk of developing allergies have not shown any consistent effect.
Dogs have many different of allergy provoking particles in their saliva and skin scales. Longer haired breeds which carry more skin scales may trigger allergy reactions more often, however there is not such a thing as a “hypoallergenic” dog.
A dog’s lick can set off a severe allergic response, as can breathing in the allergen particles.
Allergic individuals should wash their hands after handling dogs if they cannot be avoided.
Rabbits, rats, mice, hamsters and guinea pigs have allergens especially in their urine. These can cause problems when kept as pets, in infested houses and in people who work with these animals in laboratories.
Horse and cow skin scales can cause symptoms in some allergy sufferers. Horse allergy sufferers may have severe symptoms, and even anaphylaxis.
Some birds can have allergens in their droppings which release proteins into the air cusing long term lung problems and asthma. Birds carry also carry other allergens on their feathers, like mites, moulds and pollen.
The cockroach, although not a pet, is a common cause of allergy problems in peoples homes.